These days I'm reading James M. McPherson's Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era by audiobook. Completing the two long volumes is going to take awhile and I'm sure I'll write more in the future. As a preliminary observation, I have to say that complete frustration of majority democracy by what the Northern states called the "Slave Power" (the slave states in Congress) during the 1850s is too darn reminiscent of recent Republican behavior in Washington. This was the same practice of "rule or ruin" that Abraham Lincoln called out in 1860 at Cooper Union.
McPherson points out that, after Lincoln was elected President, the states clinging to slavery seceded and their new Confederacy needed a governmental structure. They mostly adopted something very like the U.S. Constitution to organize their rump regime. But,
The preamble to the U.S. Constitution includes this list of purposes:
Evidently the U.S. founding generation thought the "general Welfare" function was an important justification for according legitimacy to the new state; the founders of the Confederate rebellion did not.
The behavior of the Confederacy's descendants in the Tea Party seems to agree with the 1861 rebels.